Breguet Classique Complications 3797 – Pure, Unadulterated Breguet

By rolex
June 2, 2021
7 min read

A compendium of Abraham-Louis Breguet’s bright developments and style, the Classique Complications 3797 is a great perpetual calendar tourbillon loaded down with wistfulness for the undisputed horological star of the 18th century. Delivered in 2014 , the 3797 is Breguet in his most perfect, unadulterated structure with all the ‘indisputable indications’ of the maker several 21st-century changes that the maestro would doubtlessly savor. Albeit practically all the heavyweights of the watch scene have delivered a perpetual calendar tourbillon combination – ALS Lange 1 , IWC Portugieser ,  Patek, Chopard et al. – none of them can coordinate the authentic clout and authenticity of Breguet in this division. The 41mm instance of the 3797, in rose gold or platinum, is a period case shipping the wearer (or for this situation, the admirer) on an authentic excursion back in time.

The phenomenal abilities of Abraham-Louis Breguet

Every detail of the 3797 yells Breguet: from the motor went dial to the Breguet overcoil beneath deck, from the tourbillon escapement to the retrograde calendar system, right down to the mysterious mark that Breguet designed to discourage fakes. Everything looks back to the one who is legitimately viewed as probably the best illuminator of his day. The term ‘watchmaker’ appears to be very restricting in this specific circumstance. Abraham-Louis Breguet was a creator, an architect, a physicist, a mathematician, a metallurgist, a specialist, a craftsman and a dissident business person all folded into one.

I have consistently thought about what a watchmaker of the height of Breguet would do with his huge number abilities today. Addressing Dr Sébastien Chaulmontet two years prior for a meeting in  The Jewelry Editor , the at that point head of development improvement and plan at Arnold & Son mentioned an extremely intriguing observable fact. “There is an extremely large contrast between watchmakers of the 18th century and watchmakers today. These folks were truly more like researchers. They were keen on everything – maths, material science, metallurgy, science – and a many individuals can’t help thinking about what goliaths like Breguet, Harrison and Arnold would do today. Indeed, they likely wouldn’t be extremely intrigued by watches! Watchmaking today is too restricted a field for men of this undeniable degree of interest and challenging. They made watches in those days on the grounds that around then watchmaking addressed the most significant level of innovation. Today, these liberal prodigies would most likely be working at NASA.”

The chronicled meaning of the Ref. 3797

Although Breguet didn’t create the perpetual calendar – that honor has a place with Thomas Mudge – he was entranced by this complication and built up an inquisitive half breed form that highlighted both a Gregorian and Republican calendar. Known as watch No. 45, Breguet’s placating perpetual calendar considered the customary Gregorian calendar and the more progressive Republican Calendar that pronounced 1792 (Proclamation of the Republic) as Year One and changed the names of the months and days of the week to dispense with any reference to strict or traditionalist influences.

A few years after the fact, on 7 Messidor Year IX in the Republican calendar, or 26 June 1801, Breguet got a 10-year patent for his new kind of controller called the tourbillon. His advancement innovation, intended to balance the negative powers of gravity on the development by mounting the whole escapement inside a versatile carriage improved the accuracy of pocket watches. You can find out about Breguet’s advancement tourbillon development here .

As you would expect, the enormous one-minute tourbillon of the 3797 involves a commanding situation on the dial and is held set up by a skeletonised connect for ideal survey joy (even the three-pronged hands of the little seconds are needle-dainty). Climbing from the hypnotizing unrests of the tourbillon, the dial is taken over by the perpetual calendar signs, which, in spite of the extensive measure of data and Baroque feel, are shockingly natural to peruse. The biggest sub-dial shows the hours and minutes and is overcomed by an exquisite curve with a retrograde presentation of the date, a complication Breguet himself created in 1794.

Two crossing and more modest counters at 3 and 9 o’clock hand-off the months and jump year and the times of the week. That is a great deal of data in one little space however Breguet (the brand) has come up with a shrewd answer for ease the burden. The hour and minutes section ring is suspended over the dial and produced using straightforward sapphire precious stone. The misty ring highlights Roman numerals and is perused with trademark Breguet open-tipped hands in blued steel, something Abraham-Louis Breguet previously presented on his dials back in 1783.

What is truly entrancing however is the way that all the strengthening hands (save the hour and moment hands) skim under the coasting sapphire ring. For the sake of clarity, the jump year marker is watchfully tucked inside the month ring – an insightful decision given that the jump year isn’t something you counsel on a day by day basis.

The 3797 would not be complete without another mark Breguet component: the motor turned or hand-guilloché dial. Despite the fact that Breguet didn’t concoct the craft of guillochage, he was the first to present it in watchmaking. From 1786, Breguet utilized guilloché for improving and commonsense purposes on account of its capacity to smother the impression of light on the metal dial and portray various capacities. For this situation, the 18k gold dial plate has been silvered and finished with four distinct styles of guilloché: a hobnail design behind the hours, a sunburst design on the months counter with a blue sun for the jump years, chevrons on the times of the week counter and a wavy example on the external edge of the dial. For a direct record of how Breguet keeps up this custom alive today, read Xavier’s intriguing article here .

Turning over the 41mm case, with its mark fluted caseband and welded drags, uncovers an elaborately adorned baseplate. Totally engraved by hand with a streaming lattice enhancement, an enormous curved cut-out gives light to the tourbillon (note the etching on the baseplate that peruses ‘Brevet du 7 Messidor A 9’). The manual-winding development, Breguet Caliber 558QP12, beats at a customary speed of 2,5Hz (or 18,000vph) permitting you to value the insurgencies. With a force hold of 50 hours, the development additionally includes another milestone Breguet innovation: the 1795 Breguet overcoil or Breguet balance spring.

Like the director of an ensemble who sets the beat of a melodic score, the equilibrium spring is vital to a watch’s presentation. Once more, Breguet didn’t design the equilibrium spring, that was crafted by Dutch mathematician Huygens, yet he improved it. By bringing the last loop up in the spring and diminishing its arch, Breguet guaranteed that the equilibrium spring embraces a concentric structure. This implied expanded exactness and less disintegration on the equilibrium staff. He additionally added a bimetallic compensation bar to counterbalance the impacts of temperature.


There can be no error about the provenance of the 3797. This is unadulterated Breguet in its most unadulterated structure. Loaded with authentic references, the execution may be somewhat on the fancy/Baroque side for a few, however for lovers of Breguet (the man) and Breguet (the brand), this is an uncommon treat indeed.

The 18k pink gold adaptation of the Breguet Classique Complications 3797 Perpetual Calendar Tourbillon, introduced on an earthy colored cowhide lash with a triple edge collapsing catch, retails for EUR 160,000 (incl. VAT) while the platinum version on a dark cowhide lash retails for EUR 175,000 (incl. Tank). For more data, if it’s not too much trouble, counsel .